Archive for the ‘Open Ended Responses’ Category

Whenever you use someone else’s words or ideas you need to respect their hard work by giving them credit by citing them.  Most of the time in my class, it will be obvious who the author is, so we only have to worry about three things:

1. How to tell our readers we are using a quote.

Start off your sentence with one of the following:

  • According to the text,
  • According to paragraph #,
  • According to the story,
  • It says in paragraph #,
  • As (author’s name) wrote,

2. How to write a long quote in four words.

  1. Write the first three words of the quote you want to use.
  2. Use three periods in a row (called periods of ellipsis) to show you are skipping words.
  3. Write the final word in the quote.

3. How to explain where you got the quote

If you didn’t already say what paragraph(s) you found the quote in, you must do so in parenthesis right after the quote and before the period.


Here is how to quote the first paragraph of Gary Soto’s story The Seventh Grade:

As Gary Soto wrote, “On the first … Victor” (paragraph 1).

Here is how to quote the two paragraphs of Katherine Paterson’s story The Last Dog:

According to paragraphs 1-3, “Brock approached the….further.”

How to say these words:

Cite (pronounced ‘SIGHT’)

Citing (pronounced ‘SIGHTING’)


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TTQA (turn the question around) is an important skill that makes you sound more intelligent than giving JUST an answer.

Step 1. Question words, such as where, when, how, what, why  get taken out of the answer but all other words stay.

Step 2. Answer the question (make sure you answer all parts of the question!)


Question: “What were two ways to be successful?”

Answer: “Two ways to be successful are hard work and education.”

Question: What is the population of East Newark? (approximately 2000)

Answer:  The population of East Newark is about 2000.

NEVER start the answer of a written question with BECAUSE.  The word “because” joins ideas, and doesn’t start them.

Advanced students only: There are exceptions, such as in the sentence “Because of the all the hard work the students did, they became rich and famous a few years after graduating.”

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