Whenever you use someone else’s words or ideas you need to respect their hard work by giving them credit by citing them. Most of the time in my class, it will be obvious who the author is, so we only have to worry about three things:
1. How to tell our readers we are using a quote.
Start off your sentence with one of the following:
- According to the text,
- According to paragraph #,
- According to the story,
- It says in paragraph #,
- As (author’s name) wrote,
2. How to write a long quote in four words.
- Write the first three words of the quote you want to use.
- Use three periods in a row (called periods of ellipsis) to show you are skipping words.
- Write the final word in the quote.
3. How to explain where you got the quote
If you didn’t already say what paragraph(s) you found the quote in, you must do so in parenthesis right after the quote and before the period.
Here is how to quote the first paragraph of Gary Soto’s story The Seventh Grade:
As Gary Soto wrote, “On the first … Victor” (paragraph 1).
Here is how to quote the two paragraphs of Katherine Paterson’s story The Last Dog:
According to paragraphs 1-3, “Brock approached the….further.”
How to say these words:
Cite (pronounced ‘SIGHT’)
Citing (pronounced ‘SIGHTING’)