1.Irony : when something happens that is the very different from what was expected.
2.Theme: is a message about life or human nature.
3.First-person point of view: The story teller is a character in the story.
4a.Third-person point of view-limited– The story teller is outside the action, and knows only about one character.
4b. Third person point of view-omniscient The story teller is outside the story and knows everything about everybody
5.Character Traits- Tells about what the character looks like and/or about his or her personality.
6.Foreshadowing– Occurs when writer gives hints about what will happen later in the story.
7.Mood– the feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader.
8.Tone– The writer’s attitude toward his or her subject.
9.Simile : to compare two things using the words like or as that are not alike .
10.Alliteration:is the repetition of consonants sounds at the beginning of words.