1. Thesis– What the whole essay will be about
2. Hook– An interesting beginning to get reader interested in the topic
3. TS- Topic Summary: What the whole paragraph will be about (always colored BLUE)
4. CD- Concrete Detail: A solid fact that gives as much description as possible (always colored RED)
5. CM- Commentary: An opinion or comment (always colored GREEN)
6. CS-Closing Summary: Explains what the whole paragraph was all about. (always colored BLUE)
7. Fact: a statement that can be proven or tested.
8. Opinion: a belief or judgment that cannot be proven or tested.
9. Exposition: the first stage of a typical story plot. It introduces important characters, settings, and conflict or sets the stage for it.
10. Rising Action: introduces obstacles that make the character’s problems more complicated.
11. Climax: Is the turning point in the story and the moment of greatest suspense.
12. Falling Action: Reveals the outcome of the story’s climax; it eases out the plot.
13. Resolution: Reveals the story’s final outcome. Sometimes plot twists happen at this point
14. Setting: Where and when a story takes place.
15. Characters: Objects, Animals, and Humans that make up the story and take part in it.
16. External Conflict involves a struggle between a character and an outside force, such as another character, a force of nature, or society.
17. Internal conflict: Is a struggle that takes place within a character’s mind, as he or she struggles with difficult thoughts, feelings, or choices.
18. Order of the Main Parts of a Story:
a. Exposition, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, and Resolution.
19. Irony : when something happens that is the very different from what was expected.
20. Theme: is a message about life or human nature.
21. First-person point of view: The story teller is a character in the story.
22. Third-person point of view-limited– The story teller is outside the action, and knows only about one character.
23. Third person point of view-omniscient The story teller is outside the story and knows everything about every character
24. Character Traits– Tells about what the character looks like and/or about his or her personality.
25. Foreshadowing– Occurs when writer gives hints about what will happen later in the story.
26. Mood– the feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader.
27. Tone– The writer’s attitude toward his or her subject.
28. Simile : to compare two unlike things using the words ‘like’ or ‘as.’ (He is quick as a cheetah.)
29. Alliteration: is the repetition of consonants sounds at the beginning of words. (Betty bought bags of beetles. Bleh!)
30. Chronological order: events are explained or told in time order (first, second, finally)
31. Contrast (verb): the action of setting two or more things together to show the differences
32. Onomatopoeia: a word whose meaning is the sound it makes (e.g. BOOM! BANG! Zzzzz..)
33. Metaphor: Comparing two unlike things WITHOUT ‘like’ or ‘as’ (She is a saint.)
34. Personification: when something nonhuman is given human abilities or qualities (The clouds raced across the sky.)